Maps tell many stories - the composition of the land, the old paths, turnpikes and railways, the layout of mills, telegraph wires and pubs, the changing administrative boundaries, the plans which were never implemented.

Some of these maps take some time to download.
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    geology 1820

     

    The key didn't reproduce well but the grey shading over Springhill refers to 'coal extracts'.
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    geology modern

     

    dark grey: lower coal measures, light grey: millstone grit, pale orange: peat, pink: sand and gravel, blue: boulder clay.
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    Saxon England

     

    Land between the Ribble and the Mersey was variably held between Northumbria and Mercia.
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    1534

     

     
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    Speed 1610

     

     
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    Speed 1610 detail

     

    Detail from the above with Rosfendale in Blackburn hundred and St Nicholas' Newchurch marked.
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    Yates 1786

     

    Detail from the Yates map of Lancashire 1786. The full one is huge. Hurst Lane and Waingate Lane are clearly shown, Edge Lane isn't but that doesn't necessarily mean it wasn't there.
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    Cary 1787

     

     
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    Cary 1787 detail

     

    Hurst Lane again shown clearly, Waingate Lane not marked. The road is clearly north of the river - Bacup Road not yet built. Not sure why Rosendale is shown near Lower Darwen.
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    Honour of Clitheroe

     

    Most of the vaccaries were up the Limey Valley. The one in Deadwenclough is thought to have been approx half way up Dobbin Lane.
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    Hundreds

     

     
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    wool workers

     

     
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    townships

     

    Springhill was in Newchurch township
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    turnpikes

     

    Haslingden to Todmorden turnpike 1789. John Ashworth had shares in the company.
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    turnpike extensions 1814

     

    intended branches to the Haslingden-Todmorden turnpike, 1814
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    Greeenwood 1818 detail

     

    Hurst Lane and Waingate Lane both marked, the latter coming over Chapel Hill into Scout. Bacup Road not shown.
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    1832 parliamentary boundaries

     

    Blackburn and Bolton to return two members each, Burnley, Bury and Rochdale one each. The red line divided Lancs. northern and Lancs. southern constituencies.
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    Location of Collieries

     

    Owned by Ashworth Hargreaves Ltd
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    1844

     

    Edge Lane joins Saunder Height Lane to Lumb. Path to Mucky Earth (here labelled Black Earth) shown. Conway Road shown, extending between what is now the middle and top rugby pitches. Path from Edge Lane farm to Meadowhead still exists in its northern portion as the path up from Balladen Brook. Bacup Road is now shown, Peel St isn't. Newchurch Road between Cloughfold and Newchurch labelled as 'Clough Lane'. Tomb marked in what is now Patrick Crescent.
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    Rawtenstall 1844

     

    Adjacent section to the above map, Hurst Lane and Waingate Lane both marked.
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    cotton mills c 1844

     

     
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    Dugdale 1846

     

     
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    Dugdale 1846 detail

     

    Cloughfold not marked. Higher and Lower Booths transposed, Seat Naze in the wrong place.
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    Meadow Head

     

    Plan of land at Meadowhead showing adjacent landowners. It also shows that Balladen Brook marked the boundary between Lower Booths and Deadwenclough.
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    parliament boundaries 1886

     

    Rossendale a constituency in its own right.
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    parliament boundaries 1886 detail

     

    Hurst Lane still marked.
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    cloughfold 1891

     

    Marl Pits now marked, as a dwelling, area marked as 'Higher Cloughfold'.
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    Field names

     

     
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    water Saunder Height

     

    Plans showing the pipe system bringing the water from Saunder Height to Springhill. Some aspects still function.
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    1899 deed

     

     
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    telegraph lines

     

    as of 1885. Ramsbottom - Bacup established.
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    1903

     

    Hurst Lane, Waingate Road and Edge Lane/Saunder Height Lane marked.
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    south Lancashire 1904

     

     
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    south Lancashire 1904 detail

     

    Cloughfold now shown as on Bacup Road.
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    cloughfold 1910

     

    Peel St now built.
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    Higher Cloughfold 1910

     

    Land Valuation survey map
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    Zepplin course 1916

     

    The course of the Zeppelin raid over Rossendale Sept 25 1916. A device was dropped adjacent to Lea Bank.
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    Springhill 1923

     

    deeds plan
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    Springhill 1923

     

     
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    cloughfold 1920s

     

    NB North on the right!
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    1928

     

    Lands belonging to Springhill Farm marked. Johnny Barn Farm now on the map.
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    Higher Cloughfold 1928

     

    Shows the 'new council houses' and the layout of the parts of the village demolished to build Patrick Crescent.
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    Land utilisation survey 1937

     

    red = urban, green = pasture and yellow = rough
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    Cloughfold 1968

     

    Patrick Crescent now built but not Dobbin Close
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    conservation area 1975

     

     
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    1980 land registry

     

     
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    conservation area 2011

     

     
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    Rossendale pubs

     

    Of the four pubs in Higher Cloughfold, only the Red Lion remains.
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    Round the Hills Walk