1066 – Land held by Edward the Confessor at the time of the Norman Conquest
1066 – Norman Conquest
1086Domesday Book - Land held by Roger of Poitou
1170 – Thomas Becket assassinated in Canterbury
1193 – Brandwood, Cowpe, passed to the Abbot of Stanlaw
1215 – Magna Carta
1265 – Parliament first summoned
1311 – Land held by Thomas, Earl of Lancaster
1348 – Black Death
1453 – Constantinople falls to the Turks
1496 - (26 April 11 Henry VII) Wodemote of Rossyndale held at Accrington. First mention of Rossendale in the Farrer’s transcription of the Clitheroe Court Rolls.
1485 – 22 Aug, Battle of Bosworth Field brought to an end the Wars of the Roses.
1507 – Deforestation under Henry VII.
1511 – Newchurch St Nicholas established as a Chapel of Ease

1519 - Luther nails 95 theses to church door at Worms
1534 – Act of Supremacy, Henry VIII
1550 - Newchurch becomes a Parochial Chapel
1583 – By-laws concerning the pinfold in Deadwenclough under Elizabeth.
1612 – Earliest record of mining in Rossendale, at Gambleside

1640 - Oliver Cromwell begins serving in Parliament.
1641 - All males over 18 had to sign a protestation against Popery.
1641 – Datestone – Polefield Cottage
1642 - 22 August - Charles I raises his banner against the Roundheads at Nottingham.
1645 - Charles I surrenders to the Scots, who turn him over to Parliament (takes a year).
1649 - Charles I executed.
1653 - Act of Settlement.
1658 - Cromwell dies.
1660 - Charles II reinstated.
1661 – Land granted to General George Monck in return for support of Charles II during the restoration
1662 - Hearth tax introduced.
1662 – Act of Uniformity
1665 – Great Plague of London
1666 - Great Fire of London
1672 – Dissenters’ meeting place licensed ‘at the barne of John Pickop’
1678 – Newton publishes Principia Mathematica
1688 – Glorious Revolution
1702 – Newchurch Grammar School (latterly BRGS) founded by John Kershaw.
1707 – Act of Union
1716 – Crawshawbooth Society of Friends’ Meeting House built
1738 – John Wesley’s conversion
1745 - Jacobite Rebellion led by Prince Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie).
1747 – 7 March. John Wesley preached to a ‘large congregation of wild men’ in Rossendale, probably in Millar Barn Lane
1748 – Carding machine patented by Lewis Paul
1749 - Haslingden workhouse opened on Spring Lane. A second workhouse was located in Tunstead.
1753 - Lord Hardwicke's Marriage Act (marriages have to be in CoE churches, separate books kept etc.).
1767 – Hand jenny patented by James Hargreaves
1768 - Captain James Cook charted the east coast of Australia.
1769 –Steam engine patented by James Watt
1775
 - Start of the American War of Independence against British rule.
1775 – Spinning frame patented by Richard Arkwright
1780 – Spinning mule patented by Samuel Cropmton
1782 - Gilbert's Act (reform of Poor Law) - indoor relief to impotent poor

1789 - Storming of the Bastille in Paris and the start of the French Revolution.
1789 – Todmorden – Haslingden turnpike trust formed
1805 - Battle of Trafalgar and victory by Lord Nelson.
1807 - Slave trade abolished.
1815 - Battle of Waterloo and the defeat of Napoleon.
1826 - Anti-power loom riots in Rossendale
1830 - First passenger steam railway opened in the UK.
1832 – Great Reform Act
1833 - Factories Act forbade the employment of children under 9 years old. Four inspectors of Factories appointed.
1834 – Springhill land acquired by John Ashworth
1837 – Haslingden Poor Law Union formed
1838 – Queen Victoria comes to the throne
1838 – The People’s Charter
1840 - Penny Post introduced in the UK. 
1841 – Census
1844 – Factories Act limited the hours of women and children to 12 per day
1846 – Repeal of Corn Laws
1847 – Factories Act limited the hours of women and children to 63 per week, effectively 10 per day
1848 – year of revolutions
1848 – East Lancashire Railway opened
1850 – Factories Act defined hours of work for women and children.
1851 - Great Exhibition took place at Crystal Palace, London. 
1851 – Census
1852 – Charles Patrick appointed sub-inspector factories for Rochdale
1855 - Florence Nightingale went to nurse the injured in the Crimean War.
1855 – Oct 9, marriage of Charles Patrick and Mary Ann Ashworth 
1861 - Census
1861-5 - Lancashire cotton famine secondary to the American Civil War.
1866 - Enclosures Act – minimal impact in Rossendale
1868-9 – Haslingden Union workhouse opened on Higher Pikelaw, latterly Rossendale General Hospital.
1871 - Census
1873 - The typewriter was invented.
1875 - Electric lighting introduced to Britain.
1876 - Alexander Graham Bell transmitted the first message by telephone.
1879 – 6 Aug, Local Board for Rawtenstall established
1881 – Census
1885 – Rossendale parliamentary constituency established.
1888 - Kodak invented the box camera.
1891 - Census
1891 – Borough of Rawtenstall received the Royal charter
1892 – The loss of Rossendale to the Liberals in a by-election left the unionists ‘depressed’ and made the news in Australia.

1893 - Independent Labour Party formed by Keir Hardie.
1896 - Speed limit for horseless carriages raised to 14 miles per hour. 
1896 – Death of Charles Patrick. Springhill properties passed to Mrs Turner’s Trust
1900 - Relief of Mafeking.
1901 - Census
1911 – Census
1911 – Parliament Act prevents House of Lords blocking legislation approved by Commons
1911 – 13-14 May, major flooding in Rossendale including Higher Cloughfold.
1912 - 15 April, Titanic Disaster
1913 - BRGS established on its present site
1914 - Outbreak of World War One
1916 – General theory of relativity
1918 – Universal male suffrage
1922 – Law of Property Act abolished copyhold, the tenure under which local land was held.
1923 – Dissolution of Mrs Turner’s Trust
1926 – General Strike
1928 - Women over 21 in the UK gained the vote on equal terms as men.
1939 - Outbreak of World War Two 
1947 – 1 January, ownership of mines transferred to the National Coal Board.
1948 - Introduction of National Health Service in Britain.

1952 - Rossendale twinned with Bocholt, Germany
1971 - Feb 15, introduction of decimal currency
1973 - 1 Jan, Britain joined the European Economic community
1974 - Borough of Rossendale established
1975 - Cloughfold Conservation area (including Springhill) established.
1978 - July 25, birth of Louise Brown, the world’s first IVF baby
1982 - Falkland’s conflict
1984 - Mar 5, Miners’ strike begins
1989 - ‘invention’ of the world wide web
1990 - Aug 2, Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, triggering the Gulf War
2001 - Sept 11, Attack on the World Trade Centre and other significant US targets