1066 - Land held by Edward the Confessor at the time of the Norman Conquest
1066 - Norman Conquest
1086 - Domesday Book - Land held by Roger of Poitou
1170 - Thomas Becket assassinated in Canterbury
1193 - Brandwood, Cowpe, passed to the Abbot of Stanlaw
1215 - Magna Carta
1265 - Parliament first summoned
1311 - Land held by Thomas, Earl of Lancaster
1348 - Black Death
1453 - Constantinople falls to the Turks
1496 - (26 April 11 Henry VII) Wodemote of Rossyndale held at Accrington. First mention of Rossendale in the Farrer’s transcription of the Clitheroe Court Rolls.
1485 – 22 Aug, Battle of Bosworth Field brought to an end the Wars of the Roses.
1507 - Deforestation under Henry VII.
1511 - Newchurch St Nicholas established as a Chapel of Ease

1519 - Luther nails 95 theses to church door at Worms
1534 - Act of Supremacy, Henry VIII
1550 - Newchurch becomes a Parochial Chapel
1583 - By-laws concerning the pinfold in Deadwenclough under Elizabeth.
1612 - Earliest record of mining in Rossendale, at Gambleside

1640 - Oliver Cromwell begins serving in Parliament.
1641 - All males over 18 had to sign a protestation against Popery.
1641 - Datestone – Polefield Cottage
1642 - 22 August - Charles I raises his banner against the Roundheads at Nottingham.
1645 - Charles I surrenders to the Scots, who turn him over to Parliament (takes a year).
1649 - Charles I executed.
1653 - Act of Settlement.
1658 - Cromwell dies.
1660 - Charles II reinstated.
1661 - Land granted to General George Monck in return for support of Charles II during the restoration
1662 - Hearth tax introduced.
1662 - Act of Uniformity
1665 - Great Plague of London
1666 - Great Fire of London
1672 - Dissenters’ meeting place licensed ‘at the barne of John Pickop’
1678 - Newton publishes Principia Mathematica
1688 - Glorious Revolution
1702 - Newchurch Grammar School (latterly BRGS) founded by John Kershaw.
1707 - Act of Union
1716 - Crawshawbooth Society of Friends’ Meeting House built
1738 - John Wesley’s conversion
1745 - Jacobite Rebellion led by Prince Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie).
1747 - 7 March. John Wesley preached to a ‘large congregation of wild men’ in Rossendale, probably in Millar Barn Lane
1748 - Carding machine patented by Lewis Paul
1749 - Haslingden workhouse opened on Spring Lane. A second workhouse was located in Tunstead.
1753 - Lord Hardwicke's Marriage Act (marriages have to be in CoE churches, separate books kept etc.).
1767 - Hand jenny patented by James Hargreaves
1768 - Captain James Cook charted the east coast of Australia.
1769 - Steam engine patented by James Watt
1775
 - Start of the American War of Independence against British rule.
1775 - Spinning frame patented by Richard Arkwright
1780 - Spinning mule patented by Samuel Cropmton
1782 - Gilbert's Act (reform of Poor Law) - indoor relief to impotent poor

1789 - Storming of the Bastille in Paris and the start of the French Revolution.
1789 - Todmorden – Haslingden turnpike trust formed
1805 - Battle of Trafalgar and victory by Lord Nelson.
1807 - Slave trade abolished.
1815 - Battle of Waterloo and the defeat of Napoleon.
1826 - Anti-power loom riots in Rossendale
1830 - First passenger steam railway opened in the UK.
1832 - Great Reform Act
1833 - Factories Act forbade the employment of children under 9 years old. Four inspectors of Factories appointed.
1834 –-Springhill land acquired by John Ashworth
1837 - Haslingden Poor Law Union formed
1838 - Queen Victoria comes to the throne
1838 - The People’s Charter
1840 - Penny Post introduced in the UK. 
1841 - Census
1844 - Factories Act limited the hours of women and children to 12 per day
1846 - Repeal of Corn Laws
1847 - Factories Act limited the hours of women and children to 63 per week, effectively 10 per day
1848 - year of revolutions
1848 - East Lancashire Railway opened
1850 - Factories Act defined hours of work for women and children.
1851 - Great Exhibition took place at Crystal Palace, London. 
1851 - Census
1852 - Charles Patrick appointed sub-inspector factories for Rochdale
1855 - Florence Nightingale went to nurse the injured in the Crimean War.
1855 - Oct 9, marriage of Charles Patrick and Mary Ann Ashworth 
1861 - Census
1861-5 - Lancashire cotton famine secondary to the American Civil War.
1866 - Enclosures Act – minimal impact in Rossendale
1868-9 Haslingden Union workhouse opened on Higher Pikelaw, latterly Rossendale General Hospital.
1871 - Census
1873 - The typewriter was invented.
1875 - Electric lighting introduced to Britain.
1876 - Alexander Graham Bell transmitted the first message by telephone.
1879 - 6 Aug, Local Board for Rawtenstall established
1881 - Census
1885 - Rossendale parliamentary constituency established.
1888 - Kodak invented the box camera.
1891 - Census
1891 - Borough of Rawtenstall received the Royal charter
1892 - The loss of Rossendale to the Liberals in a by-election left the unionists ‘depressed’ and made the news in Australia.

1893 - Independent Labour Party formed by Keir Hardie.
1896 - Speed limit for horseless carriages raised to 14 miles per hour. 
1896 –-Death of Charles Patrick. Springhill properties passed to Mrs Turner’s Trust
1900 - Relief of Mafeking.
1901 - Census
1911 - Census
1911 - Parliament Act prevents House of Lords blocking legislation approved by Commons
1911 - 13-14 May, major flooding in Rossendale including Higher Cloughfold.
1912 - 15 April, Titanic Disaster
1913 - BRGS established on its present site
1914 - Outbreak of World War One
1916 - General theory of relativity
1918 - Universal male suffrage
1922 - Law of Property Act abolished copyhold, the tenure under which local land was held.
1923 - Dissolution of Mrs Turner’s Trust
1926 - General Strike
1928 - Women over 21 in the UK gained the vote on equal terms as men.
1939 - Outbreak of World War Two 
1947 - 1 January, ownership of mines transferred to the National Coal Board.
1948 - Introduction of National Health Service in Britain.

1952 - Rossendale twinned with Bocholt, Germany
1971 - Feb 15, introduction of decimal currency
1973 - 1 Jan, Britain joined the European Economic community
1974 - Borough of Rossendale established
1975 - Cloughfold Conservation area (including Springhill) established.
1978 - July 25, birth of Louise Brown, the world’s first IVF baby
1982 - Falkland’s conflict
1984 - Mar 5, Miners’ strike begins
1989 - ‘invention’ of the world wide web
1990 - Aug 2, Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, triggering the Gulf War
2001 - Sept 11, Attack on the World Trade Centre and other significant US targets